News and Events of 1976
- US Supreme Court rules that blacks and other minorities are entitled to retroactive job seniority (March 24).
- Ford signs Federal Election Campaign Act (May 11).
- US Supreme Court rules that death penalty is not inherently cruel or unusual and is a constitutionally acceptable form of punishment (July 3).
- Nation celebrates Bicentennial (July 4).
- Mysterious disease strikes American Legion convention in Philadelphia, eventually claiming 29 lives (Aug. 4).
- Jimmy Carter elected US President (Nov. 2).
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$1,819.00 billionFederal spending:
$371.79 billionFederal debt:
$629.0 billionMedian Household Income
$12,686 Consumer Price Index:
7.7%Cost of a first-class stamp:
Pittsburgh d. Dallas (21-17)
Cincinnati d. NY Yankees (4-0)
Boston d. Phoenix (4-2)
Montreal d. Philadelphia (4-0)
Chris Evert d. E. Cawley (6-3 4-6 8-6)Men:
Bjorn Borg d. I. Nastase (6-4 6-2 9-7)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Indiana d. Michigan (86-68)
NCAA Football Champions
Fiction: Humboldt's Gift, Saul Bellow
Music: Air Music, Ned Rorem
Drama: A Chorus Line, Conceived by Michael Bennett
Oscars awarded in 1976
Academy Award, Best Picture: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Saul Zaentz and Michael Douglas, producers (United Artists)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Saul Bellow (US)
1976 Emmy Awards
1976 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1976
Record of the Year: "Love Will Keep Us Together," Captain and Tennille
Album of the Year: Still Crazy After All These Years, Paul Simon (Columbia)
Song of the Year: "Send in the Clowns," Stephen Sondheim, songwriter
Miss America: Tawney Elaine Godin (NY)More Entertainment Awards...
- The Steadicam is used for the first time in Rocky.
- Philip Glass completes Einstein on the Beach, the first widely known example of minimalist composition.
- NBC broadcasts Gone with the Wind and scores record-breaking ratings.
- Rocky, Taxi Driver, Network, All the President's Men
- Philip Glass Einstein on the Beach,
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: William N. Lipscomb, Jr. (US), for work on the structure and bonding mechanisms of boranes
Physics: Burton Richter and Samuel C. C. Ting (both US), for discovery of subatomic particles known as J and psi
Physiology or Medicine: Baruch S. Blumberg and D. Carleton Gajdusek (both US), for discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases