News and Events of 1980
- Six US embassy aides escape from Iran with Canadian help (Jan. 29). Background: Iran Hostage Crisis
- US breaks diplomatic ties with Iran (April 7).
- Eight US servicemen are killed and five are injured as helicopter and cargo plane collide in abortive desert raid to rescue American hostages in Teheran (April 25). Background: Iran Hostage Crisis
- Anastasio Somoza Debayle, ousted Nicaraguan ruler, and two aides are assassinated in Paraguayan capital of Asunción (Sept. 17).
- Iraqi troops hold 90 square miles of Iran after invasion; 8-year Iran-Iraq War begins (Sept. 19).
- Three US nuns and a lay worker are found shot in El Salvador (Dec. 4).
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$2,784.20 billionFederal spending:
$590.95 billionFederal debt:
$909.1 billionMedian Household Income
$17,710 Consumer Price Index:
7.1%Cost of a first-class stamp:
Pittsburgh d. La Rams (31-19)
Philadelphia Phillies d. Kansas City (4-2)
LA Lakers d. Philadelphia 76ers (4-2)
NY Islanders d. Philadelphia (4-2)
Evonne Cawley d. C. Evert Lloyd (6-1 7-6)Men:
Bjorn Borg d. J. McEnroe (1-6 7-5 6-3 6-7 8-6)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Louisville d. UCLA (59-54)
NCAA Football Champions
Fiction: The Executioner's Song, Norman Mailer
Music: In Memory of a Summer Day, David Del Tredici
Drama: Talley's Folly, Lanford Wilson
Oscars awarded in 1980
Academy Award, Best Picture: Kramer vs. Kramer, Stanley R. Jaffe, producer (Columbia)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Czeslaw Milosz (US)
1980 Emmy Awards
1980 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1980
Record of the Year: "What a Fool Believes," Doobie Brothers
Album of the Year: 52nd Street, Billy Joel (Columbia)
Song of the Year: "What a Fool Believes," Kenny Loggins and Michael McDonald, songwriters
Miss America: Cheryl Prewitt (MS)More Entertainment Awards...
- John Lennon of the Beatles shot dead in New York City.
- Ted Turner launches CNN, the first all-news network.
- Mark Morris establishes the Mark Morris Dance Group in New York and is widely received as the most promising modern-dance choreographer of his generation.
- Raging Bull, Ordinary People, Coal Miner's Daughter, The Elephant Man, Tess
- William Golding, Rites of Passage
- John Kennedy Toole, A Confederacy of Dunces
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Paul Berg, Walter Gilbert (both US), and Frederick Sanger (UK), for developing methods to map the structure and function of DNA, the substance that controls the activity of the cell
Physics: James W. Cronin and Val L. Fitch (both US), for work concerning the asymmetry of subatomic particles
Physiology or Medicine: Baruj Benacerraf, George D. Snell (both US), and Jean Dausset (France), for discoveries that explain how the structure of cells relates to organ transplants and diseases