News and Events of 1984
- Syria frees captured US Navy pilot, Lieut. Robert C. Goodman, Jr. (Jan. 3).
- US and Vatican exchange diplomats after 116-year hiatus (Jan. 10).
- Reagan orders US Marines withdrawn from Beirut international peacekeeping force (Feb. 7).
- Yuri V. Andropov dies at 69; Konstantin U. Chernenko, 72, named Soviet leader (Feb. 9). Background: Rulers of Russia since 1533
- Italy and Vatican agree to end Roman Catholicism as state religion (Feb. 18).
- Soviet Union withdraws from summer Olympic games in US, and other bloc nations follow (May 7 et seq.).
- José Napoleón Duarte, moderate, elected president of El Salvador (May 11).
- Three hundred slain as Indian Army occupies Sikh Golden Temple in Amritsar (June 6).
- Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi assassinated by two Sikh bodyguards; 1,000 killed in anti-Sikh riots; son Rajiv succeeds her (Oct. 31).
- Toxic gas leaks from Union Carbide plant in Bhopal, India, killing 2,000 and injuring 150,000 (Dec. 3).
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$3,902.40 billionFederal spending:
$851.85 billionFederal debt:
$1564.7 billionMedian Household Income
$22,415 Consumer Price Index:
7.5%Cost of a first-class stamp:
LA Raiders d. Washington (38-9)
Detroit d. San Diego (4-1)
Boston d. LA Lakers (4-3)
Edmonton d. NY Islanders (4-1)
Martina Navratilova d. C. Evert Lloyd (7-6 6-2)Men:
John McEnroe d. J. Connors (6-1 6-1 6-2)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Georgetown d. Houston (84-75)
NCAA Football Champions
Fiction: Ironweed, William Kennedy
Music: Canti del Sole, Bernard Rands
Drama: Glengarry Glen Ross, David Mamet
Oscars awarded in 1984
Academy Award, Best Picture: Terms of Endearment, James L. Brooks, producer (Paramount)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Jaroslav Seifert (Czechoslovakia)
1984 Emmy Awards
1984 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1984
Record of the Year: "Beat It," Michael Jackson
Album of the Year: Thriller, Michael Jackson (Epic/CBS)
Song of the Year: "Every Breath You Take," Sting, songwriter
Miss America: Vanessa Williams (NY) / Suzette Charles (NJ)More Entertainment Awards...
- The Cosby Show debuts on NBC. The sitcom is widely considered the most popular show of the 1980s.
- The Supreme Court rules that taping television shows at home on VCRs does not violate copyright law.
- Led by Bob Geldof, the band Band Aid releases "Do They Know It's Christmas," with proceeds of the single going to feed the starving in Africa.
- Amadeus, The Killing Fields, A Passage to India, The Pope of Greenwich Village
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: R. Bruce Merrifield (US), for research that revolutionized the study of proteins
Physics: Carlo Rubbia (Italy) and Simon van der Meer (Netherlands), for their role in discovering three subatomic particles, a step toward developing a single theory to account for all natural forces
Physiology or Medicine: Cesar Milstein (UK/Argentina), Georges J. F. Kohler (West Germany), and Niels K. Jerne (UK/Denmark), for their work in immunology
- Joe W. Kittinger makes the first solo transatlantic balloon flight in the helium-filled Rosie O'Grady's Balloon of Peace. He travels 3,535 miles from Caribou, Maine to Savona, Italy. Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation
- Apple introduces the user-friendly Macintosh personal computer. Background: Computers and Internet