News and Events of 1994
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$6,947.00 billionFederal spending:
$1460.84 billionFederal debt:
$4643.7 billionMedian Household Income
$32,264 Consumer Price Index:
6.1%Cost of a first-class stamp:
Dallas d. Buffalo (30-13)
Houston d. New York (4-3)
NY Rangers d. Vancouver (4-3)
Conchita Martinez d. M. Navratilova (6-4 3-6 6-3)Men:
Pete Sampras d. G. Ivanisevic (7-6 7-6 6-0)
Kentucky Derby Champion
Go For Gin
NCAA Basketball Championship
Arkansas d. Duke (76-72)
NCAA Football Champions
Brazil d. Italy (3-2 (shootout))
Fiction: The Shipping News, E. Annie Proulx
Music: Of Reminiscences and Reflections, Gunther Schuller
Drama: Three Tall Women, Edward Albee
Oscars awarded in 1994
Academy Award, Best Picture: Schindler's List, Steven Spielberg, Gerald R. Molen and Branko Lustig, producers (Universal)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Kenzaburo Oe (Japan)
1994 Emmy Awards
1994 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1994
Record of the Year: "I Will Always Love You," Whitney Houston
Album of the Year: The BodyguardOriginal Soundtrack Album, Whitney Houston (Arista)
Song of the Year: "A Whole New World" (Theme From Aladdin), Alan Menken and Tim Rice, songwriters
Miss America: Kimberly Clarice Aiken (SC)More Entertainment Awards...
- Kurt Cobain kills himself. He was 27.
- Ninety-five million viewers watch O. J. Simpson and Al Cowlings drive along Los Angeles freeways in history's most exciting low-speed chase.
- Steven Spielberg wins his first directing Oscar for Schindler's List.
- Woodstock '94 commemorates the original weekend-long concert. Green Day and Nine Inch Nails join Bob Dylan and the Allman Brothers.
- For the first time in history, chain bookstores outsell independent stores, signaling what many fear to be the death of smaller booksellers at the hands of superstores.
- Tom Hanks wins his second consecutive Best Actor Oscar. He won in 1993 for his role in Philadelphia and in 1994 for Forrest Gump.
- ER and Friends debut on NBC, establishing NBC's dominance of the Thursday-night lineup.
- Forrest Gump, Pulp Fiction, The Shawshank Redemption, Quiz Show, Nobody's Fool
- James Kelman, How Late It Was, How Late
- Carol Shields, The Stone Diaries
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: George A. Olah (US), University of Southern California in Los Angeles, for research that opened new ways to break apart and rebuild compounds of carbon and hydrogen
Physics: Clifford G. Shull (US) and Bertram N. Brockhouse (Canada), for adapting beams of neutrons as probes to explore the atomic structure of matter
Physiology or Medicine: Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell (both US), for discovery of G-proteins that help cells respond to outside signals
- White House launches Web page. Initial commerce sites are established and mass marketing campaigns are launched via email, introducing the term "spamming" to the Internet vocabulary. Background: Computers and Internet
- Dr. Ned First (US) clones calves from cells of early embryos. Background: Cloning Milestones
- The FDA approves the Flavr Savr tomato, the first genetically-engineered food product.