Meaning of residual stress

resid'ual stress'

Pronunciation: [key]
— Metall. Metall.
  1. a stress in a metal, on a microscopic scale and resulting from nonuniform thermal changes, plastic deformation, or other causes aside from temporary external forces or applications of heat.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.