Sparks, Jared, 1789–1866, American historian and educator, b. Willington, Conn. He studied theology, mathematics, and natural philosophy at Harvard (1817–19). He was pastor of a Unitarian church in Baltimore (1819–23), founded and edited (1821–22) the Unitarian Miscellany, and was chaplain of the U.S. House of Representatives (1821–23). Returning to Boston, he bought and edited the North American Review (1824–30), of which he had previously (1817–18) served as editor, and founded and edited (1830) The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge. From 1838 to 1849 he was McLean professor of history at Harvard and then was president of the university (1849–53). Among the many works he wrote or edited are The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution (12 vol., 1829–30), The Writings of George Washington (12 vol., 1834–37), and The Works of Benjamin Franklin (10 vol., 1836–40).
See biography by H. B. Adams (2 vol., 1893 repr. 1973).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Historians, U.S.: Biographies
Browse By Subject
- Earth and the Environment +-
- History +-
- Literature and the Arts +-
- Medicine +-
- People +-
- Philosophy and Religion +-
- Places +-
- Australia and Oceania
- Britain, Ireland, France, and the Low Countries
- Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic Nations
- Germany, Scandinavia, and Central Europe
- Latin America and the Caribbean
- Oceans, Continents, and Polar Regions
- Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, and the Balkans
- United States, Canada, and Greenland
- Plants and Animals +-
- Science and Technology +-
- Social Sciences and the Law +-
- Sports and Everyday Life +-