Lo Spagnoletto[little Spaniard], he achieved immense popularity and became court painter to the Spanish viceroy. In 1644 he was knighted by the pope. The influence of Caravaggio can be seen in Ribera's early works, somber in tone but dramatic in lighting contrasts and movement. Examples are Taste (c.1615 Wadsworth Athanaeum, Hartford, Conn.), Drunken Silenus (1626 Naples), and Martyrdom of St. Andrew (1628 Budapest). After c.1635, Ribera's art showed freer brushwork and brighter colors, often with silvery effects, in such works as Trinity (1636–37 Prado), The Martyrdom of St. Philip (1639 Prado), and Holy Family with St. Catherine (1648 Metropolitan Mus.). Ribera also produced a number of fine etchings. He is well represented in American museums, including the Hispanic Society, New York City, which has St. Paul. Ribera had many imitators in Italy and Spain.
See studies by E. Trapier (1952) and J. Brown (1973) exhibition catalog by C. Felton (1982).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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