Spanish blackwork,black silk on white linen with touches of gold, became enormously popular, while the use of drawnwork and cutwork led to the development of fine lace . In the 18th cent., French influence refined embroidery techniques quilting was developed using backstitch embroidery, especially popular in making petticoats and coattails. By the 19th cent. embroidery for male attire had declined except for occasional decorative vests and ties. Modern embroidery is most frequently used on lingerie and linens, but with the introduction of machine-made embroidery, the quality has deteriorated.
See U. C. Bath, Embroidery Masterworks (1972) L. F. Day and M. Buckle, Art in Needlework (1900, repr. 1972) Mary Thomas' Embroidery Book (1984).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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