Roth, Joseph

Roth, Joseph or Józef yō´zĕf rōt [key], 1894–1939, Austrian novelist, essayist, journalist, and publisherb. Brody, Galicia. An outspoken critic of Hitler and militarism, he moved to Paris in 1933. Roth became one of Europe's leading journalists in the era between the World Wars. His novels, though basically conservative, reflect political awareness and skepticism. They include Hotel Savoy (1924, tr. 1986), Rebellion (1924, tr. 1999), and Die Flucht ohne Ende (1927 tr. Flight without End, 1930, 1977). His best-known novels are Hiob (1930 tr. Job, 1933), concerning the struggle of Eastern European Jews, and Radetzkymarsch (1932 tr. The Radetzky March, 1933, 1974, 1985), an ironic multigenerational portrait of the decline of the Austro-Hungarian Empire that is generally considered his masterpiece. Roth's Collected Stories and a collection of his essays on Berlin (1920–33) were published in English in 2002, his Parisian essays (1925–39) in 2004.

See M. Hofmann, ed., Joseph Roth: A Life in Letters (2012) studies by C. Mathew (1984) and S. Rosenfeld (2002).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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