Saramago's novels include Levantado do chão (1980 tr. Raised from the Ground, 2012) Memorial do convento (1982 tr. Baltasar and Blimunda, 1987), a picaresque love story set in the Portuguese Inquisition and the work that first brought him international acclaim O ano da morte de Ricardo Reis (1984 tr. The Year of the Death of Ricardo Reis, 1990) A jangada de pedra (1986 tr. The Stone Raft, 1995) the controversial O evangelho segundo Jesus Cristo (1991 tr. The Gospel According to Jesus Christ, 1994) Ensaio sobre a cegueira (1995 tr. Blindness, 1998), perhaps his finest work, a political parable in which a city lapses into barbarism following a plague of blindness, and its sequel, Ensaio sobre a lucidez (2004 tr. Seeing, 2006) Todos os nomes (1997 tr. All the Names, 1999) A Caverna (2000 tr. The Cave, 2002) Homem duplicado (2002 tr. The Double, 2004), Intermitências da morte (2005, tr. Death with Interruptions, 2008) Viagem do elefante (2008, tr. The Elephant's Journey, 2010) and Caim (2009, tr. Cain, 2011), his last novel. Saramago also wrote poetry, essays, plays, journals, and two memoirs. After the Portuguese government blocked the nomination of his 1991 novel about Jesus for a literary prize, he moved (1992) to Lanzarote in the Canary Islands in a symbolic act of self-exile. Critics have noted that the novels written after the move are more austere, stylized, allegorical, and universal than his previous Portugal-themed works. Saramago was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1998, the first Portuguese-language writer to achieve the honor.
See study by H. Bloom, ed. (2005).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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