Cunningham also was known for collaborations with American artists, including Andy Warhol , Robert Rauschenberg , and Jasper Johns , who created sets and costumes that were integral parts of his productions. He created nearly 200 works for his company, appearing in all of them until he reached the age of 70 and dancing in many new works thereafter. During his later years he was widely considered the world's greatest living choreographer. Later dances include Locale and Duets (both 1980) Fabrications (1987) Trackers (1991), the first work he created with the aid of a computer Crwdspcr (1994) Installations (1996) Scenario (1997) Biped (1999), a work employing motion-capture technology Way Station (2001) Split Sides (2003), with music by the experimental rock bands Radiohead and Sigur Ros Xover (2007) and Nearly Ninety (2009). After his death, his company undertook a two-year legacy tour and then disbanded (2011).
See his Changes: Notes on Choreography (1968) and The Dancer and Dance (1985) C. Brown, Chance and Circumstance: Twenty Years with Cage and Cunningham (2007) biography by D. Vaughan (1997) studies by J. Klosty (1975, repr. 1986), R. Kostelanetz, ed. (1992), G. Celant, ed. (1999), and R. Copeland (2004) C. Atlas, dir, Merce Cunningham: A Lifetime of Dance (documentary film, 2002).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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