Where Have All the Flowers Gone,
Turn, Turn, Turn,and
If I Had a Hammer(co-written with Lee Hays). He also contributed to
We Shall Overcome,which was reworked from a gospel hymn and became the anthem of the civil-rights movement. Seeger, who recorded more than 100 albums and was (1959) one of the founders of the Newport Folk Festival, played a major role in reviving national interest in folk music in the 1950s and 60s, and influenced many later singers, including Bob Dylan and Bruce Springsteen A four-time Grammy winner, he also was awarded (1994) the National Medal of Arts.
A leftist activist who had been a Communist in the 1940s, Seeger was charged (1957) with contempt of Congress for refusing to answer questions posed by the House Un-American Activities Committee . Blacklisted from the 1950s to the late 60s, he was barred from network television but continued to record and to perform. Throughout his life, Seeger actively supported labor, civil-rights, antiwar, environmental, and other causes, and raised money for the Clearwater, a sloop that has plied the Hudson River since 1969, working to rejuvenate the river and advocating for environmental issues generally.
See R. and S. Rosenthal, ed., Pete Seeger: His Life In His Own Words (2012) and R. D. Cohen and J. Capaldi, ed., The Pete Seeger Reader (2014) biographies by D. Dunaway (1981, repr. 2008) and A. Wilkinson (2009) A. M. Winkler, To Everything There Is A Season: Pete Seeger and the Power of Song (2009) J. Brown, dir., Pete Seeger: The Power of Song (documentary, 2007).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Music: Popular and Jazz: Biographies
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