first aid: Burns
Symptoms: Redness (first-degree burns), blistering (second-degree burns), charring of skin (third-degree burns). Treatment: Cold water may be applied to first- and second-degree burns. All burns should be covered with sterile non-adherent dressings. Chemical burns should be washed with large quantity of water; vinegar may be added to the water for alkali burns, and sodium bicarbonate may be added to the water in case of acid burns.
- Fractures and Joint Injuries
- Foreign Body in the Eye
- Asphyxia and Obstruction of Air Passages
- Drowning and Near-Drowning
- Severe Bleeding
- Heat Exhaustion
- Bites and Stings
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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