Portland, William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3d duke of

Portland, William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3d duke of, 1738–1809, British statesman great-grandson of the 1st earl of Portland . He was lord lieutenant of Ireland (1782) and nominal head of the coalition ministry (1783) dominated by Charles James Fox and Lord North . When the French Revolution shocked the British into passing severe laws against agitators, Portland, as home secretary (1794–1801) under William Pitt , administered them. He promoted the parliamentary union (1800) of Ireland with England and was again—and uneventfully—prime minister from 1807 to 1809.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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