Advani, Lal Krishna

Advani, Lal Krishna, 1927–, Indian political leader, b. Karachi, British India (now in Pakistan). A lawyer and a member of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he was BJP president (1986–90, 1992–98, 2004–5) and served as home affairs minister (1998–2004) and deputy prime minister (2000–2004) under Atal Behari Vajpayee . After the party's defeat by the Congress party in 2004, he became opposition leader. Advani was the BJP's candidate for prime minister in 2009, but the BJP lost to a Congress-led coalition later that year Sushma Swaraj succeeded him as opposition leader. Known as a hardliner, Advani began a campaign in 1990 to build a Hindu temple on the site of a 16th-century mosque in Ayodhya , which led (1992) to the mosque's destruction by Hindu militants and to riots that killed more than a thousand.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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