Spaulding, C. C.
Spaulding, C. C. (Charles Clinton Spaulding), 1874–1952, African-American insurance executive, b. Columbus co., N.C. In 1900, Spaulding, who had previously worked as a grocery-store manager and part-time insurance salesman, was hired to manage what became the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, then a fledging African-American-owned insurance business. Bringing the Durham-based insurer first to viability and then expanding it to nearby states, he became its vice president (1908), secretary-treasurer (1919), and then its president (1923). Also a civic leader and community activist, he was a prominent member of the National Negro Business League, founded by Booker T. Washington and committed to black economic independence as a means to racial equality. Spaulding ran the insurance company, which the became the largest black-owned business in the United States, until his death.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Business Leaders
Browse By Subject
- Earth and the Environment +-
- History +-
- Literature and the Arts +-
- Medicine +-
- People +-
- Philosophy and Religion +-
- Places +-
- Australia and Oceania
- Britain, Ireland, France, and the Low Countries
- Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic Nations
- Germany, Scandinavia, and Central Europe
- Latin America and the Caribbean
- Oceans, Continents, and Polar Regions
- Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, and the Balkans
- United States, Canada, and Greenland
- Plants and Animals +-
- Science and Technology +-
- Social Sciences and the Law +-
- Sports and Everyday Life +-