Day of Blood,during which the frenzied participants wounded themselves with knives self-inflicted castration, a prerequisite for admittance into the priest caste of this phallic cult, took place during the festival. In India, the deity Shiva was often represented by and worshiped as a phallic symbol called the lingam. Phallic worship has also been practiced among the Egyptians in the worship of Osiris among the Japanese, who incorporated it into Shinto and among the Native Americans, such as the Mandan, who had a phallic buffalo dance. See also fertility rites .
See C. G. Berger, Our Phallic Heritage (1966) T. Vanggaard, Phallos (1972).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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