active intellect,which governs directly all earthly regions and transmits to all things their appropriate forms. Man's soul is also derived from it and is immortal. Avicenna was not an absolute pantheist as he believed matter to exist independently of God. He fixed the classification of sciences used in the medieval schools of Europe.
See S. M. Afnan, Avicenna, His Life and Works (1958) H. Corbin, Avicenna and the Visionary Recital (tr. 1960) P. Morewedge, The Metaphysics of Avicenna (1973).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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