Shantou shän-tō [key] or Swatow swä´tou´ [key], city (1994 est. pop. 718,800), SE Guangdong prov., China, a port on the South China Sea, in the Han River delta. When it was opened to foreign trade after the second Opium War , it was a minor fishing village. It became a special economic zone in 1979, which brought new foreign investment and trade to the city. The city has a mix of light and heavy industries, which includes shipbuilding and food processing. Fishing is also important.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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