Elburz

Elburz ĕlbo͝orz´ [key], mountain range, N Iran, between the Caspian Sea and the central Iranian plateau rises to 18,606 ft (5,671 m) at Mt. Damavand. The range consists of steep, narrow, parallel ridges crossed only by the Safid Rud, whose valley forms the main trans-Elburz route. The northern slopes of the Elburz are rainy and forested the southern slope is semiarid. Snowcapped water peaks provide seasonal meltwater, which is used for irrigation and industry.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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