Wałbrzych väl´bzhĭkh [key], Ger. Waldenburg, city (1992 est. pop. 141,300), Dolnośląskie prov., SW Poland. Coal mining, chemical production, metallurgy, and textile milling are the chief economic activity. The city's importance dates from the 19th-century industrialization of the Lower Silesian coal basin. Wałbrzych sustained great damage during World War II, after which it passed from Germany to Poland.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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