Trujillo tro͞ohē´yō [key], city (1993 pop. 256,744), capital of La Libertad dept., NW Peru, in a fertile oasis of the coastal desert. A thriving commercial and industrial center, Trujillo processes sugarcane and rice and produces textiles, leather goods, and food products. Founded in 1536, the city played a significant role in the struggle against Spanish rule. It declared its independence in 1820, served as provisional capital of Peru in 1825, and was the main headquarters for Simón Bolívar . Points of interest include the remains of a wall built in 1617 to defend against English pirates and the Univ. of La Libertad. The pre-Inca ruins of Chan Chan are nearby.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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