Freeport

Freeport. 1 City (1990 pop. 25,840), seat of Stephenson co., NW Ill., on the Pecatonica River inc. 1850. It is a trade and manufacturing center in a fertile farm and dairy region. Among its manufactures are brass, aluminum, tires, and switches. Freeport was the scene of the second Lincoln-Douglas debate (1858), in which Douglas expounded his famous Freeport doctrine. 2 Town (1990 pop. 6,905), including Freeport village, SW Maine, on Casco Bay settled c.1700, incorporated 1789. The town is headquarters to the L. L. Bean mail-order company and the site of its flagship store and of factory-outlet stores. The Desert of Maine, a sandy, treeless wasteland and tourist attraction, is nearby. 3 Town (1990 pop. 39,894), Nassau co., SE N.Y., on the south shore of Long Island, a residential suburb of New York City settled as a village c.1650, inc. 1892. It is a resort and a deep-sea fishing and oystering center, with access to the Atlantic Ocean through Jones Inlet. Jones Beach State Park is nearby. The town suffered significant damage from Hurricane Sandy in 2012. 4 City (1990 pop. 11,389), Brazoria co., SE Tex., on the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Brazos River, on the Intracoastal Waterway inc. 1949. The center of a thriving ranching, oil, and natural gas producing region known as Brazosport, Freeport has large chemical and shrimping industries its products include magnesium extracted from seawater and vitamins. New port facilities were opened in 1955, and historic Velasco was annexed in 1957. Beaches and deep-sea fishing facilities attract tourists.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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