Somerville. 1 City (1990 pop. 76,210), Middlesex co., E Mass., a residential and industrial suburb of Boston, on the Mystic River settled 1630, set off from Charlestown 1842, inc. as a city 1871. There are diverse light manufactures, including chemicals. Historical attractions include the Old Powder House, used in the American Revolution Prospect Hill Tower, where General Israel Putnam raised the first flag of the united colonies (1776) and which served as a prison camp in the Civil War and Ploughed Hill, one of the fortified hills used in the siege of Boston (1775). 2 Residential borough (1990 pop. 11,632), seat of Somerset co., N central N.J., on the Raritan River settled 1683, inc. as a borough 1909. Electronic parts and pharmaceuticals are made. Of interest are the Wallace House (residence of George Washington 1778–79) and the old Dutch parsonage (1751 now a museum).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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