In England, hawthorn flowers are associated with May Day, and the hawthorn (called also may, thorn, haw, whitethorn, and thorn apple) has long been used as a symbol of spring in English poetry. There are many legends surrounding the hawthorn, e.g., that of the Glastonbury thorn (see Glastonbury , England). A hawthorn is the state flower of Missouri. The black haw is a viburnum (see honeysuckle ).
Hawthorn is classified in the division Magnoliophyta , class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.
See study by B. Vaughn (2015).
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