Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prizes
YearPeaceChemistryPhysicsPhysiology or MedicineLiterature
1901J. H. DunantFrédéric PassyJ. H. van't HoffW. C. RoentgenE. A. von BehringR. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902Élie DucommunC. A. GobatEmil FischerH. A. LorentzPieter ZeemanSir Ronald RossTheodor Mommsen
1903Sir William R. CremerS. A. ArrheniusA. H. BecquerelPierre CurieMarie S. CurieN. R. FinsenBjørnstjerne Bjørnson
1904Institute of International LawSir William RamsayJ. W. S. RayleighIvan P. PavlovFrédéric MistralJosé Echegaray
1905Baroness Bertha von SuttnerAdolf von BaeyerPhilipp LenardRobert KochHenryk Sienkiewicz
1906Theodore RooseveltHenri MoissanSir Joseph ThomsonCamillo GolgiS. Ramón y CajalGiosuè Carducci
1907E. T. MonetaLouis RenaultEduard BuchnerA. A. MichelsonC. I. A. LaveranRudyard Kipling
1908K. P. ArnoldsonFredrik BajerSir Ernest RutherfordGabriel LippmanPaul EhrlichÉlie MetchnikoffR. C. Eucken
1909Auguste BeernaertP. H. B. Estournelles de ConstantWilhelm OstwaldGuglielmo MarconiK. F. BraunEmil T. KocherSelma Lagerlöf
1910International Peace BureauOtto WallachJ. D. van der WaalsAlbrecht KosselPaul Heyse
1911T. M. C. AsserA. H. FriedMarie S. CurieWilhelm WienAllvar GullstrandMaurice Maeterlinck
1912Elihu RootVictor GrignardPaul SabatierN. G. DalenAlexis CarrelGerhart Hauptmann
1913Henri La FontaineAlfred WernerHeike Kamerlingh OnnesC. R. RichetSir Rabindranath Tagore
1914T. W. RichardsMax von LaueRobert Barany
1915Richard WillstätterSir William H. BraggSir William L. BraggRomain Rolland
1916Verner von Heidenstam
1917International Red CrossC. G. BarklaK. A. GjellerupHenrik Pontoppidan
1918Fritz HaberMax Planck
1919Woodrow WilsonJohannes StarkJules BordetC. F. G. Spitteler
1920Léon BourgeoisWalther NernstC. É. GuillaumeS. A. S. KroghKnut Hamsum
1921Hjalmar BrantingC. L. LangeFrederick SoddyAlbert EinsteinAnatole France
1922Fridtjof NansenF. W. AstonN. H. D. BohrA. V. HillOtto MeyerhofJacinto Benavente y Martinez
1923Fritz PreglRobert A. MillikanSir Frederick G. BantingJ. J. R. MacleodW. B. Yeats
1924K. M. G. SiegbahnWillem EinthovenW. S. Reymont
1925Sir Austen ChamberlainCharles G. DawesRichard ZsigmondyJames FranckGustav HertzG. B. Shaw
1926Aristide BriandGustav StresemannTheodor SvedbergJ. B. PerrinJohannes FibigerGrazia Deledda
1927F. É. BuissonLudwig QuiddeHeinrich WielandA. H. ComptonC. T. R. WilsonJulius Wagner-JaureggHenri Bergson
1928Adolf WindausSir Owen W. RichardsonC. J. H. NicolleSigrid Undset
1929Frank B. KelloggSir Arthur HardenHans von Euler-ChelpinL. V. de BroglieChristian EijkmanSir Frederick G. HopkinsThomas Mann
1930Nathan SöderblomHans FischerSir Chandrasekhara V. RamanKarl LandsteinerSinclair Lewis
1931Jane AddamsNicholas Murray ButlerCarl BoschFriedrich BergiusOtto H. WarburgE. A. Karlfeldt
1932Irving LangmuirWerner HeisenbergE. D. AdrianSir Charles SherringtonJohn Galsworthy
1933Sir Norman AngellP. A. M. DiracErwin SchrödingerThomas H. MorganI. A. Bunin
1934Arthur HendersonHarold C. UreyG. H. WhippleG. R. MinotW. P. MurphyLuigi Pirandello
1935Carl von OssietzkyFrédéric Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-CurieSir James ChadwickHans Spemann
1936Carlos Saavedra LamasP. J. W. DebyeC. D. AndersonV. F. HessSir Henry H. DaleOtto LoewiEugene O'Neill
1937E. A. R. Cecil, Viscount Cecil of ChelwoodSir Walter N. HaworthPaul KarrerC. J. DavissonSir George P. ThomsonAlbert von Szent-GyorgyiRoger Martin du Gard
1938Nansen International Office for RefugeesRichard KuhnEnrico FermiCorneille HeymansPearl S. Buck
1939Adolf ButenandtLeopold RuzickaE. O. LawrenceGerhard DomagkF. E. Sillanpää
1940
1941
1942
1943Georg von HevesyOtto SternE. A. DoisyHenrik Dam
1944International Red CrossOtto HahnI. I. RabiJoseph ErlangerH. S. GasserJ. V. Jensen
1945Cordell HullA. I. VirtanenWolfgang PauliSir Alexander FlemingE. B. ChainSir Howard W. FloreyGabriela Mistral
1946J. R. MottEmily G. BalchJ. B. SumnerJ. H. NorthropW. M. StanleyP. W. BridgmanH. J. MullerHermann Hesse
1947American Friends Service Committee and Friends Service CouncilSir Robert RobinsonSir Edward V. AppletonC. F. CoriGerty T. CoriB. A. HoussayAndré Gide
1948Arne TiseliusP. M. S. BlackettPaul H. MüllerT. S. Eliot
1949John Boyd Orr, Baron Boyd OrrW. F. GiauqueHideki YukawaW. R. HessEgas MonizWilliam Faulkner
1950Ralph J. BuncheOtto DielsKurt AlderC. F. PowellPhilip S. HenchEdward C. KendallTadeus ReichsteinBertrand Russel, Earl Russell
1951Léon JouhauxEdwin M. McMillanGlenn T. SeaborgSir John D. CockcroftErnest T. S. WaltonMax TheilerPär F. Lagerkvist
1952Albert SchweitzerA. J. P. MartinR. L. M. SyngeFelix BlochE. M. PurcellS. A. WaksmanFrançois Mauriac
1953George C. MarshallHermann StaudingerFrits ZernikeF. A. LipmannSir Hans A. KrebsSir Winston L. S. Churchill
1954Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for RefugeesLinus C. PaulingMax BornWalther BotheJ. F. EndersF. C. RobbinsT. H. WellerErnest Hemingway
1955Vincent du VigneaudWillis E. Lamb, Jr.Polykarp KuschA. H. T. TheorellHalldór K. Laxness
1956Sir Cyril N. HinshelwoodNikolai N. SemenovW. B. ShockleyW. H. BrattainJohn BardeenD. W. Richards, Jr.A. F. CournandWerner ForssmannJuan Ramón Jiménez
1957Lester B. PearsonSir Alexander R. ToddTsung-Dao LeeChen Ning YangDaniele BovetAlbert Camus
1958Georges Henri PireFrederick SangerP. A. CherenkovIgor Y. TammIlya M. FrankJoshua LederbergG. W. BeadleE. I. TatumBoris L. Pasternak
1959Philip J. Noel-BakerJaroslav HeyrovskyEmilio SegrèOwen ChamberlainSevero OchoaArthur KornbergSalvatore Quasimodo
1960Albert J. LuthuliW. F. LibbyD. A. GlaserSir Macfarlane BurnetP. B. MedawarSt.-John Perse
1961Dag HammarskjöldMelvin CalvinRobert HofstadterR. L. MoessbauerGeorg von BekesyIvo Andrić
1962Linus C. PaulingM. F. PerutzJ. C. KendrewL. D. LandauJ. D. WatsonF. H. C. CrickM. H. F. WilkinsJohn Steinbeck
1963International Committee of the Red CrossLeague of Red Cross SocietiesGiulio NattaKarl ZieglerEugene Paul WignerMaria Goeppert MayerJ. Hans D. JensenSir John Carew EcclesAlan Lloyd HodgkinAndrew Fielding HuxleyGeorge Seferis
1964Martin Luther King, Jr.Dorothy Mary Crowfoot HodgkinCharles Hard TownesNikolai Gennadiyevich BasovAleksandr Mikhailovich ProkhorovKonrad E. BlochFeodor LynenJean-Paul Sartre
1965United Nations International Children's Emergency FundRobert Burns WoodwardRichard Phillips FeynmanShinichiro TomonagaJulian Seymour SchwingerFrançois JacobAndré LwoffJacques MonodM. A. Sholokhov
1966Robert S. MullikenAlfred KastlerFrancis Peyton RousCharles Brenton HugginsS. Y. AgnonNelly Sachs
1967Manfred EigenRonald George Wreyford NorrishGeorge PorterHans Albrecht BetheRagnar GranitHaldan Keffer HartlineGeorge WaldMiguel Angel Asturias
1968René CassinLars OnsagerLuis W. AlvarezRobert W. HolleyH. Gobind KhoranaMarshall W. NirenbergYasunari Kawabata
1969International Labor OrganizationDerek H. R. BartonOdd HasselMurray Gell-MannMax DelbrückAlfred D. HersheySalvador B. LuriaSamuel Beckett
1970Norman E. BorlaugLuis Federico LeloirLouis Eugène NéelHans Olof AlfvenJulius AxelrodBernard KatzUlf von EulerAlexandr I. Solzhenitsyn
1971Willy BrandtGerhard HerzbergDennis GaborEarl W. SutherlandPablo Neruda
1972Stanford MooreWilliam Howard SteinChristian B. AnfinsenJohn BardeenLeon N. CooperJohn Robert SchriefferGerald M. EdelmanRodney R. PorterHeinrich Böll
1973Henry A. KissingerLe Duc ThoErnst Otto FischerGeoffrey WilkinsonLeo EsakiIvar GiaeverBrian D. JosephsonKonrad LorenzNikolaas TinbergenKarl von FrischPatrick White
1974Sean MacBrideEisaku SatoPaul J. FloryMartin RyleAntony HewishAlbert ClaudeGeorge Emil PaladeChristian de DuveEyvind JohnsonHarry Martinson
1975Andrei D. SakharovJohn Warcup CornforthVladimir PrelogAage N. BohrBen Roy MottelsonJames RainwaterDavid BaltimoreRenato DulbeccoHoward M. TeminEugenio Montale
1976Mairead CorriganBetty WilliamsWIlliam Nunn LipscombBurton RichterSamuel Chao Chung TingBaruch Samuel BlumbergDaniel Carleton GajdusekSaul Bellow
1977Amnesty InternationalIlya PrigoginePhilip W. AndersonSir Nevill F. MottJohn H. Van VleckRosalyn S. YalowRoger C. L. GuilleminAndrew V. SchallyVicente Aleixandre
1978Menachem BeginAnwar al-SadatPeter MitchellPeter KapitzaArno A. PenziasRobert W. WilsonWerner ArberDaniel NathansHamilton O. SmithIsaac Bashevis Singer
1979Mother TeresaHerbert C. BrownGeorg WittigSteven WeinbergSheldon L. GlashowAbdus SalamAllan Macleod CormackGodfrey Newbold HounsfieldOdysseus Elytis
1980Adolfo Pérez EsquivelPaul BergWalter GilbertFrederick SangerJames W. CroninVal L. FitchBaruj BenacerrafGeorge D. SnellJean DaussetCzesław Miłosz
1981Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for RefugeesKenichi FukuiRoald HoffmannNicolaas BloembergenArthur SchawlowKai M. SiegbahnRoger W. SperryDavid H. HubelTorsten N. WieselElias Canetti
1982Alfonso García RoblesAlva MyrdalAaron KlugKenneth G. WilsonSune K. BergströmBengt I. SamuelssonJohn R. VaneGabriel García Márquez
1983Lech WałęsaHenry TaubeSubrahmanyan ChandrasekharWilliam A. FowlerBarbara McClintockWilliam Golding
1984Desmond TutuR. Bruce MerrifieldCarlo RubbiaSimon van der MeerCesar MilsteinGeorge J. F. KöhlerNiels K. JerneJaroslav Seifert
1985International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear WarHerbert A. HauptmanJerome KarleKlaus von KlitzingMichael S. BrownJoseph L. GoldsteinClaude Simon
1986Elie WieselDudley R. HerschbachYuan T. LeeJohn C. PolanyiErnst RuskaGerd BinnigHeinrich RohrerRita Levi-MontalciniStanley CohenWole Soyinka
1987Oscar Arias SánchezDonald J. CramCharles J. PedersenJean-Marie LehnK. Alex MüllerJ. Georg BednorzSusumu TonegawaJoseph Brodsky
1988United Nations Peacekeeping ForcesJohann DeisenhoferRobert HuberHartmut MichelLeon M. LedermanMelvin SchwartzJack SteinbergerGertrude B. ElionGeorge H. HitchingsSir James BlackNaguib Mahfouz
1989Dalai LamaThomas R. CechSidney AltmanNorman F. RamseyHans G. DehmeltWolfgang PaulJ. Michael BishopHarold E. VarmusCamilo José Cela
1990Mikhail S. GorbachevElias James CoreyRichard E. TaylorJerome I. FriedmanHenry W. KendallJoseph E. MurrayE. Donnall ThomasOctavio Paz
1991Aung San Suu KyiRichard R. ErnstPierre-Gilles de GennesEdwin NeherBert SakmannNadine Gordimer
1992Rigoberta MenchúRudolph A. MarcusGeorges CharpakEdmond H. FischerEdwin G. KrebsDerek Walcott
1993F. W. de KlerkNelson MandelaKary B. MullisMichael SmithRussell A. HulseJoseph H. Taylor, Jr.Richard J. RobertsPhillip A. SharpToni Morrison
1994Yasir ArafatShimon PeresYitzhak RabinGeorge A. OlahClifford G. ShullBertram N. BrockhouseAlfred G. GilmanMartin RodbellKenzaburo Oe
1995Joseph RotblatPugwash Conferences on Science and World AffairsPaul CrutzenF. Sherwood RowlandMario MolinaMartin L. PerlFrederick ReinesEdward B. LewisEric F. WieschausChristiane Nüsslein-VolhardSeamus Heaney
1996Carlos BeloJosé Ramos-HortaRichard E. SmalleyRobert F. Curl, Jr.Sir Harold W. KrotoDavid M. LeeRobert C. RichardsonDouglas D. OsheroffPeter C. DohertyRolf M. ZinkernagelWisława Szymborska
1997International Campaign to Ban LandminesJody WilliamsPaul D. BoyerJens C. SkouJohn E. WalkerSteven ChuWilliam D. PhillipsClaude Cohen-TannoudjiStanley B. PrusinerDario Fo
1998John HumeDavid TrimbleWalter KohnJohn A. PopleRobert B. LaughlinHorst L. StörmerDaniel C. TsuiRobert F. FurchgottLouis J. IgnarroFerid MuradJosé Saramago
1999Doctors Without BordersAhmed H. ZewailMartinus J. G. VeltmanGerardus 't HooftGünter BlobelGünter Grass
2000Kim Dae JungAlan J. HeegerAlan G. MacDiarmidHideki ShirakawaZhores I. AlferovHerbert KroemerJack S. KilbyArvid CarlssonPaul GreengardEric KandelGao Xingjian
2001United NationsKofi AnnanWilliam S. KnowlesRyoji NoyoriK. Barry SharplessEric A. CornellWolfgang KetterleCarl E. WiemanLeland H. HartwellR. Timothy HuntSir Paul M. NurseV. S. Naipaul
2002Jimmy CarterJohn B. FennKoichi TanakaKurt WüthrichRaymond Davis, Jr.Masatoshi KoshibaRiccardo GiacconiSydney BrennerH. Robert HorvitzJohn E. SulstonImre Kertész
2003Shirin EbadiPeter C. AgreRoderick MacKinnonAlexei A. AbrikosovVitaly L. GinzburgAnthony J. LeggettPaul C. LauterburSir Peter MansfieldJ. M. Coetzee
2004Wangari MaathaiAaron CiechanoverAvram HershkoIrwin RoseDavid J. GrossH. David PolitzerFrank WilczekRichard AxelLinda B. BuckElfriede Jelinek
2005International Atomic Energy AgencyMohamed ElBaradeiYves ChauvinRobert H. GrubbsRichard R. SchrockRoy J. GlauberJohn L. HallTheodor W. HänschBarry J. MarshallJ. Robin WarrenHarold Pinter
2006Muhammad YunusGrameen BankRoger KornbergJohn C. MatherGeorge F. SmootAndrew Z. FireCraig C. MelloOrhan Pamuk
2007Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeAlbert Arnold Gore, Jr.Gerhard ErtlAlbert FertPeter GrünbergMario R. CapecchiSir Martin J. EvansOliver SmithiesDoris Lessing
2008Martti AhtisaariOsamu ShimomuraMartin ChalfieRoger Y. TsienYoichiro NambuMakoto KobayashiToshihide MaskawaHarald zur HausenFrançoise Barré-SinoussiLuc MontagnierJean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio
2009Barack ObamaVenkatraman RamakrishnanThomas A. SteltzAda E. YonathCharles K. KaoWillard S. BoyleGeorge E. SmithElizabeth H. BlackburnCarol W. GreiderJack W. SzostakHerta Müller
2010Liu XiaoboRichard F. HeckEi-ichi NegishiAkira SuzukiAndre GeimKonstantin NovoselovRobert G. EdwardsMario Vargas Llosa
2011Ellen Johnson SirleafLeymah GboweeTawakul KarmanDan ShechtmanSaul PerlmutterBrian P. SchmidtAdam G. RiessBruce A. BeutlerJames A. HoffmannRalph M. SteinmanTomas Tranströmer
2012European UnionRobert J. LefkowitzBrian K. KobilkaSerge HarocheDavid J. WinelandSir John B. GurdonShinya YamanakaMo Yan
2013Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical WeaponsMartin KarplusMichael LevittArieh WarshelFrançois EnglertPeter W. HiggsJames E. RothmanRandy W. SchekmanThomas C. SüdhofAlice Munro
2014Kailash SatyarthiMalala YousafzaiEric BetzigStefan W. HellWilliam E. MoernerIsamu AkasakiHiroshi AmanoShuji NakamuraJohn O'KeefeMay-Britt MoserEdvard MoserPatrick Modiano
2015National Dialogue Quartet (Tunisia)Tomas LindahlPaul ModrichAziz SancarTakaaki KajitaArthur B. McDonald William C. CampbellSatoshi OmuraTu YouyouSvetlana Alexievich

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