The long-forgotten site of the city was rediscovered in 1748 and has been sporadically excavated since that time. The habits and manners of life in Roman times have been revealed in great detail at Pompeii by the plan of the streets and footpaths, the statue-decorated public buildings, and the simple shops and homes of the artisans. The houses and villas have yielded rare and beautiful examples of Roman art. Among the most famous are the house of the Vetti, the villa of the Mysteries, and, in the suburbs of Pompeii, the villa of the Boscoreale.
See A. W. Van Buren, A Companion to the Study of Pompeii and Herculaneum (1933) M. Brion, Pompeii and Herculaneum (tr. 1960) A. Maiuri, Pompeian Wall Paintings (1960) D. Taylor, Pompeii and Vesuvius (1969) M. Grant, Cities of Vesuvius (1971) W. Jongman, The Economy and Society of Pompeii (1988) P. Zanker, Pompeii: Public and Private Life (tr. 1999) J. Berry, The Complete Pompeii (2007) M. Beard, The Fires of Vesuvius: Pompeii Lost and Found (2009) E. de Albentis, Secrets of Pompeii: Everyday Life in Ancient Rome (2009).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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