Sir Walter Raleigh

Explorer / Scalawag
Date Of Birth:
Date Of Death:
29 October 1618
Place Of Birth:
Devonshire, England
Best Known As:
The man who (maybe) laid his cloak over a mudpuddle for the queen
Explorer, fighter and lover, Sir Walter Raleigh was one of the grand scalawags of the Elizabethan Age. Walter Raleigh made a name for himself fighting the Irish at Munster; later he was introduced at court and became a favorite of Queen Elizabeth I. Known for his wit and womanizing, Raleigh was in and out of Elizabeth's favor. (According to a famous legend he once laid his plush and expensive cloak over a mud puddle so that the Queen's feet would not be dirtied; the legend has long been disputed, but it may actually be true.) Walter Raleigh also organized expeditions to the new world, popularized tobacco, and found time to write poetry on the side. Raleigh was not a favorite of Elizabeth's successor, James I, who kept Sir Walter imprisoned in the Tower of London for years and finally had him beheaded in 1618.
Extra Credit

After Sir Walter Raleigh’s execution, his head was embalmed and returned to his wife… Some sources say that on the day he was beheaded, Sir Walter Raleigh was granted a last smoke of tobacco — establishing the tradition of giving a prisoner a last cigarette before execution.

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