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Babism

(Encyclopedia)Babism bb?z?m [key], system of doctrines proclaimed in Persia in 1844 by Ali Muhammad of Shiraz. Influenced by the Shaykhi Shiite theology that viewed the Twelve Imams as incarnations of the Div...

Bab

(Encyclopedia)Bab: see Babism.

Nasir ad-Din

(Encyclopedia)Nasir ad-Din ns?r d-d?n [key], 1831??1896, shah of Persia (1848?96). He and his able vizier, Mirza Taqi Khan, were responsible for shaking Persia from a long period of inertia. He traveled...

Baha Ullah

(Encyclopedia)Baha Ullah or Baha Allahbh o?ol [key] [Arab.,=glory of God], 1817?92, Persian religious leader originally named Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri. One of the first disciples of the Bab (see Babism), ...

Baha'i

(Encyclopedia)Baha'i bh?, ?h?, b?? [key], religion founded by Baha Ullah (born Mirza Huseyn Ali Nuri) and promulgated by his eldest son, Abdul Baha (1844?1921). It is a doctrinal outgrowth of Babis...

Shiites

(Encyclopedia)Shiites sh??tz [key] [Arab., shiat Ali,=the party of Ali], the second largest branch of Islam, Shiites currently account for 10%?15% of all Muslims. Shiite Islam originated as a political moveme...

Iran

(Encyclopedia)Iran ?rn, ?r?n [key], officially Islamic Republic of Iran, republic (2015 est. pop. 79,360,000), 636,290 sq mi (1,648,000 sq km), SW Asia. The country's name was changed from Persia to Iran i...

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