Colorado

Facts & Figures

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  • Capital: Denver

  • State abbreviation/Postal code: Colo./CO

  • Governor: John Hickenlooper, D (to Jan. 2019)

  • Lieut. Governor: Joseph A. Garcia, D (to Jan. 2019)

  • Senators: Michael Farrand Bennet, D (to Jan. 2017); Cory Gardner, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • U.S. Representatives: 7

  • Historical biographies of Congressional members

  • Secy. of State: Wayne Williams, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Treasurer: Walker Stapleton, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Atty. General: Cynthia Coffman, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Organized as territory: Feb. 28, 1861

  • Entered Union (rank): Aug. 1, 1876 (38)

  • Present constitution adopted: 1876

  • Motto: Nil sine Numine (Nothing without Providence)

  • State symbols:

  • Nickname: Centennial State

  • Origin of name: From the Spanish, “ruddy” or “red”

  • 10 largest cities (2014): Denver , 634,265; Northeast Jefferson 451,811; Colorado Springs , 431,834; Aurora, 339,030; South Aurora 329,151; West Adams 310,409; Southwest Arapahoe 201,720; Fort Collins , 148,612; Lakewood , 145,516; Thornton, 124,140; Arvada, 109,745

  • Land area: 103,717 sq mi. (268,627 sq km)

  • Geographic center: In Park Co., 30 mi. NW of Pikes Peak

  • Number of counties: 64

  • Largest county by population and area: El Paso 645,439 (2012); Las Animas, 4,773 sq mi.

  • State forests: 1 (71,000 ac.)

  • State parks: 44 (160,000 ac.)

  • Residents: Coloradan, Coloradoan

  • 2014 resident population: 5,355,866

  • 2010 resident census population (rank): 5,029,196 (22). Male: 2,520,662; Female: 2,508,534. White: 4,089,202 (81.3%); Black: 201,737 (4.0%); American Indian: 56,010 (1.1%); Asian: 139,028 (2.8%); Other race: 364,140 (7.2%); Two or more races: 172,456 (3.4%); Hispanic/Latino: 1,038,687 (20.7%). 2010 population 18 and over: 3,803,587; 65 and over: 549,625; median age: 35.7.

  • Area codes

  • Tourism office

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