Washington

Facts & Figures

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  • Capital: Olympia

    State abbreviation/Postal code: Wash./WA

    Governor: Jay Inslee, D (to Jan. 2017)

    Lieut. Governor: Brad Owen, D (to Jan. 2017)

    Senators: Patty Murray, D (to Jan. 2017); Maria Cantwell, D (to Jan. 2019)

    U.S. Representatives: 10

    Historical biographies of Congressional members

    Organized as territory: March 2, 1853

    Entered Union (rank): Nov. 11, 1889 (42)

    Present constitution adopted: 1889

    Motto: Al-Ki (Indian word meaning “by and by”)

    State symbols:

    flowercoast rhododendron (1892)

    treewestern hemlock (1947)

    birdwillow goldfinch (1951)

    fishsteelhead trout (1969)

    gempetrified wood (1975)

    colorsgreen and gold (1925)

    song“Washington, My Home” (1959)

    folk song“Roll On Columbia, Roll On” (1987)

    dancesquare dance (1979)

    grassbluebunch wheatgrass (1989)

    insectblue darner dragonfly (1997)

    fossilColumbian mammoth (1998)

    fruitapple (1989)

    Nicknames: Evergreen State

    Origin of name: In honor of George Washington

    10 largest cities (2010 est.): Seattle, 608,660; Spokane, 208,916; Tacoma, 198,397; Vancouver , 161,791; Bellevue, 122,363; Everett, 103,019; Kent, 92,411; Yakima, 91,067; Renton, 90,927; Spokane Valley, 89,755

    Land area: 66,544 sq mi. (172,349 sq km)

    Geographic center: In Chelan Co., 10 mi. WSW of Wenatchee

    Number of counties: 39

    Largest county by population and area: King, 1,931,249 (2010); Okanogan, 5,268 sq mi.

    State forest lands: 2.1 million ac.

    State parks: 120

    Residents: Washingtonian

    2015 resident population est.: 7,170,351

    2010 resident census population (rank): 6,724,540 (13). Male: 3,349,707 (49.8%); Female: 3,374,833 (50.2%). White: 5,196,362 (77.3%); Black: 240,042 (3.6%); American Indian: 103,869 (1.5%); Asian: 481,067 (7.2%); Other race: 349,799 (5.2%); Two or more races: 312,926 (4.7%); Hispanic/Latino: 755,790 (11.2%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 76.5; 65 and over: 12.3; median age: 37.3.

    See additional census data

    Area codes

    Tourism office

Map