West Virginia

Capital: Charleston

State abbreviation/Postal code: W.Va./WV

Governor: Jim Justice, D (to Jan. 2019))

Lt. Governor/Senate President: Rich Carmichael, R (to Jan. 2019)

Senators: Joe Manchin III, D (to Jan. 2019); Shelley Moore Capito, R (to Jan. 2021)

U.S. Representatives: 3

Historical biographies of Congressional members


Entered Union (rank): June 20, 1863 (35)

Present constitution adopted: 1872

Motto: Montani semper liberi (Mountaineers are always free)

State symbols:

flowerrhododendron (1903)
treesugar maple (1949)
birdcardinal (1949)
animalblack bear (1973)
colorsblue and gold (official) (1863)
songs“West Virginia, My Home Sweet Home,” “The West Virginia Hills,” and “This Is My West Virginia” (adopted by Legislature in 1947, 1961, and 1963 as official state songs)

Nickname: Mountain State

Origin of name: In honor of Elizabeth, “Virgin Queen” of England

10 largest cities (2010 est.): Charleston, 51,400; Huntington, 49,138; Parkersburg, 31,492; Wheeling, 28,486; Morgantown, 29,660; Weirton, 19,746; Fairmont, 18,704; Beckley, 17,614; Clarksburg, 16,578; Martinsburg, 17,227

Land area: 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km2))

Geographic center: In Braxton Co., 4 mi. E of Sutton

Number of counties: 55

Largest county by population and area: Kanawha, 193,063 (2010); Randolph, 1,040 sq mi.

State forests: 9 (79,502 ac.)

State parks: 37 (74,508 ac.)

Residents: West Virginian

2016 resident population est.:  1,831,102

2010 resident census population (rank): 1,852,994 (37). Male: 913,586 (49.3%); Female: 939,408 (50.7%). White: 1,739,988 (98.5%); Black: 63,124 (3.4%); American Indian: 3,787 (0.2%); Asian: 12,406 (0.7%); Other race: 6,119 (0.3%); Two or more races: 27,142 (1.5%); Hispanic/Latino: 22,268 (1.2%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 79.1; 65 and over: 16.0; median age: 41.3.

See additional census data

Area codes

Tourism office

West Virginia's early history from 1609 until 1863 is largely shared with Virginia, of which it was a part until Virginia seceded from the Union in 1861. The delegates of the 40 western counties who opposed secession formed their own government, which was granted statehood in 1863.

In 1731 Morgan Morgan established the first permanent white settlement on Mill Creek in present-day Berkeley County. Coal, a mineral asset that would figure significantly in West Virginia's history, was discovered in 1742. Other important natural resources are oil, natural gas, and hardwood forests, which cover about 75% of the state's area.

The state's rapid industrial expansion began in the 1870s, drawing thousands of European immigrants and African Americans into the region. Miners' strikes between 1912 and 1921 required the intervention of state and federal troops to quell the violence.

Today, the state ranks second in total coal production, with about 12.5% of the U.S. total. It is also a leader in steel, glass, aluminum, and chemical manufactures. Major agricultural commodities are broilers, cattle and calves, chicken eggs, dairy products, and turkeys.

Tourism is increasingly popular in mountainous West Virginia. More than a million acres have been set aside in 37 state parks and recreation areas and in 9 state forests and 2 national forests. Major points of interest include Harpers Ferry and New River Gorge National River, The Greenbrier and Berkeley Springs resorts, the scenic railroad at Cass, and the historic homes in the Eastern Panhandle.

See more on West Virginia:
Encyclopedia: West Virginia
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
Monthly Temperature Extremes

All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
Printable Outline Maps
Record Highest Temperatures
Record Lowest Temperatures
Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
Land and Water Area

All U.S. States: Population & Economy
Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present
Per Capita Personal Income
Minimum Wage Rates
State Taxes
Federal Government Expenditure
Percent of People in Poverty
Births and Birth Rates
Percentage of Uninsured by State

All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
Most Livable States
Healthiest States
Most Dangerous States
Smartest States
Crime Index
Residency Requirements for Voting
Compulsory School Attendance Laws
Driving Laws
National Public Radio Stations

Selected famous natives and residents:

See also: