News and Events of 1952
- George VI of England dies; his daughter becomes Elizabeth II (Feb. 6).
- NATO conference approves European army (Feb.).
- King Farouk of Egypt is ousted by a military coup (July 23). General Mohammed Naguib assumes power.
- Britain announces its development of atomic weapons (Oct.). Background: nuclear weapons
- Greece and Turkey join NATO.
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$358.6 billionFederal spending:
$67.69 billionFederal debt:
$259.1 billionConsumer Price Index:
3.3%Cost of a first-class stamp:
NY Yankees d. Brooklyn Dodgers (4-3)
Minneapolis Lakers d. New York (4-3)
Detroit d. Montreal (4-0)
Maureen Connolly d. L. Brough (7-5 6-3)Men:
Frank Sedgman d. J. Drobny (4-6 6-2 6-3 6-2)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Kansas d. St. John's (80-63)
NCAA Football Champions
Michigan St. (AP, UP) (9-0-0) & Georgia Tech (INS) (12-0-0)
- Jose Quintero's revival of Tennessee Williams's Summer and Smoke premieres at Broadway's Circle in the Square Theatre and is the first major Off-Broadway success.
- Television's first magazine-format program, the Today Show, debuts on NBC with Dave Garroway hosting.
- The Jackie Gleason Show (The Honeymooners) debuts on CBS, beginning a two-decade run.
- Merce Cunningham forms his own dance company.
- Singin' in the Rain, High Noon, The Greatest Show on Earth, Moulin Rouge
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Archer John Porter Martin and Richard Laurence Millington Synge (both UK), for development of partition chromatography
Physics: Edward Mills Purcell and Felix Bloch (US), for work in measurement of magnetic fields in atomic nuclei
Physiology or Medicine: Selman A. Waksman (US), for co-discovery of streptomycin
- G.W.A. Dummer (England) proposes the theoretical basis for the integrated circuit. Background: Computers and Internet
- Jonas E. Salk (US) develops the first experimentally safe dead-virus polio vaccine. Background: Major U.S. Epidemics
- The first plastic artificial heart valve is developed at Georgetown Medical Center. Background: Health & Nutrition
- First jetliner service inaugurated by BOAC between London and Johannesburg, South Africa (May 2).
- Capt. Vincent H. McGovern and 1st Lt. Harold W. Moore make first transatlantic helicopter flight (July 1531). Background: Famous Firsts in Aviation