Cite Esperanto Speakers Updated February 23, 2017 | Factmonster Staff The Question: Do people actually speak Esperanto? The Answer: Yes, but mostly in addition to another language. According to Ethnologue's Esperanto entry, it hasd an estimated 200 to 2,000 native speakers, while 2,000,000 spoke Esperanto as a second language. -The Fact Monster ? MoreFeaturesGamesPollsTimelinesQuizzes See also: English Only?