Cite Number of U.S. Public Schools Updated February 23, 2017 | Factmonster Staff The Question: What is the total number of public schools in the 50 states? The Answer: According to the National Center for Education Statistics, there were 98,817 public schools during the 2009-2010 school year. For more information, see other U.S. education facts. -The Fact Monster ? MoreFeaturesGamesPollsTimelinesQuizzes See also: How many schools require uniforms?