The "Tonton Macoutes"

Updated February 23, 2017 | Factmonster Staff

The Question:

I am very curious to find out what the "Tonton Macoutes" was?

The Answer:

The "Tonton Macoutes" [tonton´ mäk OO t´] was the personal police force of Hatian dictator Francois Duvalier. They were unpaid volunteers who regularly tortured and killed his opponents. When Duvalier's son, Jean-Claude, took over after Francois's death in 1971 he changed the group's name to National Security Volunteers. Its purpose, however, remained the same.

-The Fact Monster

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