Franklin, Aretha

Franklin, Aretha, 1942–, American singer and pianist, b. Memphis. She began singing in the choir of her father's church. A singer of unique power, the Queen of Soul also has an enormous range, from gospel to jazz, rhythm and blues to pop. The winner of 18 Grammy awards, she is particularly known for such hits as Respect, (You Make Me Feel like) A Natural Woman, Chain of Fools, Freeway of Love, and Who's Zoomin' Who.

See her autobiography (with D. Ritz, 1999); biography by D. Ritz (2014).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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