1731–1802, English physician and poet. During most of his life he practiced medicine in Lichfield and cultivated a botanical garden. He was a prominent member of the Lichfield literary group, which included Anna Seward
and Thomas Day
. In a long poem, The Botanic Garden
(1789–91), Darwin expounded the botanical system of Linnaeus
. His Zoonomia
(1794–96), explaining organic life according to evolutionary principles, anticipates later theories. He was the grandfather of Charles Darwin
and of Francis Galton
See biographies by D. King-Hele (1964) and P. Fara (2012).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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