linguistics, scientific study of language, covering the structure (morphology and syntax; see grammar), sounds ( phonology), and meaning ( semantics), as well as the history of the relations of languages to each other and the cultural place of language in human behavior. Phonetics, the study of the sounds of speech, is generally considered a separate (but closely related to) field from linguistics.
Sections in this article:
- Transformational-Generative Grammar
- Structural Linguistics
- Other Areas of Linguistic Study
- Early Linguistics
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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