[O.Fr.,=something written in the popular language, i.e., a Romance language
]. The roman
of the Middle Ages was a form of chivalric and romantic literature widely diffused throughout Europe from the 11th cent. With the Provençal troubadours
was a form of narrative, originally sung but later recited before courts. The trouvères
lengthened these into the chansons de geste
and the romans d'aventures,
or romances of love and adventure. It is from the latter class that the modern romance descends (see novel
See studies by A. B. Taylor (1930, repr. 1969), G. Beer (1970), and E. Vinaver (1971).
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