Beatles, The

Beatles, The, English rock music group formed in the late 1950s and disbanded in 1970. The members were John (Winston) Lennon, 1940–80, guitar and harmonica; (James) Paul McCartney, 1942–, guitar and piano; George Harrison, 1943–2001, guitar and sitar; and Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey), 1940–, drums. All were born in Liverpool, England.

See autobiographies The Beatles Anthology (video, 1995; book, 2000), G. Harrison, I Me Mine (2017, extended ed.); group biographies by B. Epstein (1964), H. Davies (1968), P. Norman (1981), M. Lewisohn (1990, 1992, 2013), B. Miles (2005); individual biographies by B. Miles (1997; McCartney), P. Norman (2008; Lennon, and 2016; McCartney), T. Riley (2011; Lennon) M.S. Starr (2016; Starr), J. Patterson, et al. (2020; Lennon); writings by J. Lennon (1964, 1965) and The Lennon Letters (2013; ed. H. Davies); P. du Noyer (2017; McCartney); sessionography by M. Lewisohn (1988); studies by W. Mellers (1974), R. DiLello (1972), T. Riley (1988), I. MacDonald (1994); M. Hertsgaard (1995); interviews and edited collections by J. S. Wenner, ed. (1970; Lennon), K. Womack (2009; the group), A. Khan (2020; Harrison).

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