The classic works on the history of libraries are E. Edwards's Memoirs of Libraries (2 vol., 1859, repr. 1964) and Libraries and Founders of Libraries (1865, repr. 1968). See also E. A. Savage, The Story of Libraries and Book-Collecting (1909, repr. 1969); T. Eaton, ed., Contributions to American Library History (1962); R. Irwin, Origins of the English Library (1958, repr. 1981); K. Schottenloher, Books and the Western World (1989); M. H. Harris, History of Libraries in the Western World (4th ed. 1995); L. Casson, Libraries in the Ancient World (2001); M. Battles, Library: An Unquiet History (2003); J. W. P. Campbell, The Library: A World History (2013); see also World Guide to Libraries PLUS (annual on CD-ROM) and American Library Directory (annual and online).
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