Dutch art: The Twentieth Century

During the 20th cent., Dutch painting was strongly influenced by fauvism , cubism , and expressionism . Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg founded the movement known as de Stijl , which radically altered the development of international design. After World War II, Piet Ouberg (1880–1954) influenced a younger generation of artists with his colorful abstract composition. In 1949 the CoBrA (an acronym for Copenhagen, Brussels, and Amsterdam) group of avant-garde artists signaled the new tendency toward abstract expressionism . Contemporary Dutch art is best reflected in the works of Jef Diederon, Jan Dibbets, Stanley Brouwn, Jan Roland, and Ger van Elk. In the graphic arts an outstanding 20th-century figure is M. C. Escher.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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