Spanish literature: The Nineteenth Century and Romanticism
The Nineteenth Century and Romanticism
During the first years of the 19th cent. the rigors of the Napoleonic occupation virtually snuffed out intellectual creativity in Spain. Then in 1833, with the death of Fernando VII, romanticism swept the country like a grass fire; its ascendancy was dramatic but superficial. Much of the work of the leading romantic authors—Ángel de Saavedra, duque de Rivas, José de Espronceda, and José Zorrilla y Moral—echoed French and English models, but Mariano José de Larra displayed originality in his admirable satirical sketches.
Two gifted post-romantic poets were Rosalía de Castro (writing in Galician) and Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer. Larra's sketches were outstanding examples of
Sections in this article:
- The Spanish Civil War to the Present
- Late-Nineteenth- and Early-Twentieth-Century Movements
- The Nineteenth Century and Romanticism
- The Eighteenth Century
- The Renaissance and the Golden Age of Spanish Literature
- Early Works in Castilian Spanish
- Iberian Literature before Spanish
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