Henrietta of England
(Henrietta Anne), 1644–70, duchesse d'Orléans, called Madame; sister-in-law of King Louis XIV of France. The daughter of King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria of England, she was taken (1646) to France when civil war raged in England; in 1661 she married Philippe I, duc d'Orléans
, brother of Louis XIV. In Louis's behalf she negotiated the Treaty of Dover with her brother, King Charles II
(1670). She died shortly after her return from England; it was rumored that she had been poisoned by her husband. Jacques Bossuet's funeral oration for Madame is one of his best-known sermons.
See her correspondence with Charles, ed. by C. Hartmann (rev. ed. 1954); Mme de La Fayette, Secret History of Henrietta Princess of England (tr. 1929).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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