Lenin's voluminous writings and speeches are available in collected and selected English editions and in individual pamphlets. See also Memories of Lenin (1930) by N. K. Krupskaya (Lenin's wife); biographies by L. Trotsky (1925, repr. 1971), R. Service (2000), and V. Sebestyen (2017); A. B. Ulam, Lenin and the Bolsheviks (1966); E. Kingson-Mann, Lenin and the Problem of Marxist Peasant Revolution (1983); A. G. Meyer, Leninism (1986); L. Schapiro and P. Reddaway, ed., Lenin (1987); P. LeBlanc, Lenin and the Revolutionary Party (1989); R. Service, Lenin: A Political Life (1985); H. Rappaport, Conspirator: Lenin In Exile (2010).
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