Fort Snelling, on a bluff above the junction of the Mississippi and Minnesota rivers, SE Minn.; est. 1820. It served as a regional protective barrier and as a nucleus for settlement. Minneapolis and St. Paul grew on the fort reservation in the mid-1800s. In the early 1860s Fort Snelling was where Minnesotans were mustered and trained for the Civil War, and where survivors returned after the war. The fort also played an important role in suppressing the Sioux Uprising (also known as the Dakota War) of 1862.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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