chess:

Basic Rules

The board is positioned so that a light-colored square is in the corner to the right of both players, each of whom is provided with 16 pieces, or chessmen, of black or white color. At the start of the game eight pieces are set down in the horizontal row of squares, or rank, nearest each player. The pieces are: two rooks, or castles, in the corner squares; two knights in the adjoining squares; two bishops next to the knights; the queen on the remaining square corresponding to her color; and the king on the other remaining center square; one pawn sits immediately in front of each of these pieces. Each piece moves according to specific rules and is removed from the board when an opposing piece moves into its square, thus displacing it. The object in chess is to trap, or checkmate, the opponent's king. Students of the game use several systems of notation to describe the moves of the pieces. Over the years of modern chess history, various players have become famous for their openings, middle games, or end games, and many tactics have acquired the names of players or countries of origin, as in the Ruy Lopez opening or the Sicilian defense.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2023, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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Game Play

When playing Chess, it's important to keep in mind the individual movesets of each piece. This way, you can easily plan moves in advance, and build up a strong winning strategy.

Pawns can move ahead two spaces on the first turn, but can only move ahead one after that. Pawns can also capture pieces diagonally.

Rooks are able to move any number of spaces, but only forwards, backwards or sideways.

Bishops are similar in that they can move any amount of squares, but diagonally and only sticking to one color.

Knights are special in that they move in an "L" shape and are the only pieces that can move over others on the board.

Kings are the most valuable pieces, but also the weakest. They can only move one square at a time, in any direction.

On the other hand, the Queen is the most powerful piece. Queens can move any amount of spaces in any direction, so long as they don't go over any of their own pieces.