Barré-Sinoussi, Françoise, 1947–, French virologist, Ph.D. Pasteur Institute, Paris, 1974. She has been a professor at the Pasteur Institute since 1974 and was appointed head of its retroviral unit in 1992. Barré-Sinoussi was a co-recipient, with Harald zur Hausen and Luc Montagnier , of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. She and Montagnier are credited with discovering (1983) the human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ), which causes AIDS . She has continued to conduct HIV research at the Pasteur Institute while also collaborating with resource-limited countries in Asia and Africa, and has played a significant role in linking basic and clinical AIDS research, thereby enabling improvements in the prevention and treatment of the disease.
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