Edelman, Gerald Maurice
Edelman shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Rodney R. Porter for discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies, infection-fighting proteins produced by the body. The two worked independently and used different techniques to construct a complete model of the antibody molecule, a giant that is made up of more than 1,300 amino acids. Their pioneering work led to an explosion of research activity in immunology. From the mid-1970s Edelman focused on neuroscience, and developed the theory of neuronal group selection, also known as neural Darwinism, as part of a biologically based explanation of consciousness and mind. He wrote Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind (1992) and A Universe of Consciousness: How Matter Becomes Imagination (with Giulio Tononi, 2000).
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